Skipping the Water in Fracking The push to extend fracking to arid regions is drawing attention to water-free techniques. March 22, Drilling for natural gas using hydrofracking normally requires enormous amounts of water. In conventional fracking for shale gas, enormous amounts of water must be transported to the drilling site by trucks like this.
One controversial method of gleaning energy from the Earth is hydraulic fracturing, which is also known as fracking. While this is not a new technique, recent developments in the field have unlocked enormous amounts of fossil fuels to drillers and have revolutionized the field.
While most would agree price cuts and jobs created are a good thing, there are those who see fracking as a dangerous process that pollutes water supplies and ruins communities. However, instead of abolishing fracking from our country, there are improvements that can be made to the process that decrease the effect on the environment and also boost the output.
It has grown exponentially from there, and "as ofthere were more than 2. The advent of this technology has decreased the price of natural gas, but has returned the energy forefront to our continent. Fracking was originally used in Northwestern parts of the United States, but has since migrated east into Pennsylvania and West Virginia as new shale formations have been discovered .
However, the change that fracking has brought about has been monumental. The Bakken shale formation in North Dakota and Montana produced "43 million barrels of oil and gas", all of which came from a region that was previously thought to be devoid of all resources after it has been drilled with the classic technique .
As such, more people now know and talk about the process of fracking which has caused public concern for environmental damage it can cause to increase as well.
The Process Hydraulic fracturing is unlike other drilling practices in one major way: Fracking begins when "water-containing chemicals and sand are injected into a wellbore under pressure to create small fractures of less than 1 millimeter in size and through which gas or oil can migrate to the wellhead" .
To break it down, water is mixed with chemicals such as radium, polonium, and lead . These chemicals are used to accelerate the breaking down of shale formations with the use of less force.
Once these mixtures are created, they are transported down to the shale in thick steel tubes along with sound which provides a course substance that works with them. They are pumped down at high pressure until the release of the rock and they are pulled back up with the new reservoir of oil or gas, depending on the rock .
The fuel is then captured and stored at the surface to be used in any of the ways it can be. The Results As new sources of natural gas and oil have opened up and it has become easier to obtain, the price of these fuels has dropped considerably. During the period of toa period of rapid growth in the industry, the price of natural gas per thousand cubic feet dropped to just a third of what it was beforehand .
This plunge in prices has made natural gas "a potentially attractive candidate as a motor fuel, at least for trucks and buses, in the United States" . Also, in order to work the growing number of drilling sites utilizing hydraulic fracturing, jobs are being created in places where they were slowly disappearing over the last fifty years.
Because fracking has found tremendous success in our country, businesses have now starting pushing to "pursue foreign markets" . Businesses and people across America have benefitted from the widespread use of hydraulic fracturing as energy costs have stayed relatively low compared to the rest of the world.
Fracking has developed a reputation for ruining communities with shale gas and other ecological problems . This reputation has changed the public perception of a fairly safe operation when run correctly. According to a Pew poll from September of"49 percent of respondents opposed fracking, whereas only 44 percent favored it" .promoting natural gas as a “clean, green” This is only one reason for fracking’s heavy carbon footprint.
Fracking and water During the fracking process, millions of litres of water, thousands of litres of chemicals and thousands of pounds of sand are injected Factsheet: Fracking and climate change Author: The Council of Canadians.
Fracking is a modern technique to explore natural gas through a controversial procedure. The controversy about scientific evidence for the impact of fracking has raged unabated for over a decade.
It has now become one of the most popular debates between the supporters of Greenpeace or environmentalists and the energy companies. The two main byproducts of natural gas combustion are carbon dioxide and water vapor, making it an extremely clean fuel when compared to coal and petroleum, which have higher carbon dioxide emissions, in addition to other harmful byproducts.
Fracking and Methane. So if natural gas is less harmful to the ozone than other fossil . Hydraulic fracturing (also fracking, fraccing, foams, and compressed gases, including nitrogen, carbon dioxide and air can be injected. Typically, 90% of the fluid is water and % is sand with chemical additives accounting to about %.
claiming it "tells the truth about fracking for natural gas". Fracking, the process of horizontal drilling into shale layers with slickwater injection, hydraulic fracturing, and subsequent gas (and oil) extraction, has dramatically increased US natural gas production in the last 10+ years.
The role of natural gas as an element of a carbon dioxide reduction strategy should thus be determined carefully.
Fracking is set to lead to a sharp rise in emissions of climate changing greenhouse gases, newly undermining industry and government claims that shale gas is a relatively clean fuel that can help.