Now, when we look at ourselves in a mirror, we could name our body parts like the head, neck, chest, abdomen, trunk, hands, legs, feet etc. But behind all these complex parts, lies the most basic and fundamental structure called the cell. The basic human body structure consists of a head and neck, four limbs that are connected to a torso.
Technology Organs of the body Their Locations and Internal Functions There are approximately 74 major organs in the human body. They combine together to form the organ systems which carry out our body vital functions.
Below, we will see important organs which are present in different location of human anatomy. List of Organs of the body: As you know, organs are the body parts formed by a group of tissues. They can be grouped in different sections like Organs of Digestion: Stomach, liver, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, and anus.
Lungs, nose, trachea, bronchi. Kidneys, urinary bladder, urethra Organs of Circulation: Heart, blood vessels, spleen. Organs of the Nervous system: Brain and spinal cord. Organs of the Endocrine system: Pituitary gland, adrenal, thyroid, pancreas, parathyroid, prostate glands.
Skin, tongue, nose, eyes, ears. Organs of Immune system: Liver Organs in the body and their function: It is one of the largest internal organs of the body. It is a sack-like structure located in the belly portion of the body. Its capacity is up to 2. It has folding called rugae by which it expands to accommodate more food.
Food consumed stays in the stomach for about an hour. Stomach wall secretes HCl which destroys any microbes in the food. Further, it readily absorbs water and alcohol and digests some portion of carbohydrates.
This is a long tube-like structure as long as 6 to 20 meters in length. It is a continuation to stomach. The food from the stomach enters the small intestine and stays for 8 hours. Here the food is digested and then the nutrients are absorbed into the bloodstream.
This is an extension of the small intestine but has a greater diameter.
It is divided as ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon and rectum. It helps in absorption water from undigested food; it stores bowel before being excreted as feces.
Further, it hosts many friendly bacteria which synthesize Vitamin-K and also helps in the absorption of vitamin-B The esophagus is the starting organs of this digestive system.
It is considered the biggest organ in the human anatomy. It is located on the right-hand side above the stomach. It helps to convert any toxic substances or drugs into water-soluble inert materials. These are then readily excreted by the kidneys.
It is the organ where glucose is stored as glycogen and fat are converted to high-density and low-density lipoproteins.
It is also the place where bile is formed and released into the intestine for excretion. It is the most robust and active organ in the body.The human head is home to all the body’s major sensory organs, and the most important of these is the brain. Although the nose, ears, tongue, nerves, and others parts are important, without a.
Human body, the physical substance of the human organism, composed of living cells and extracellular materials and organized into tissues, organs, and systems.
Human anatomy and physiology are treated in many different articles. each sensory system is of significant importance to maintaining the human organism.
For this discussion, imagine you are a professor giving a lecture on the evolutionary importance of the sensory systems. Prepare a summary of your argument. Identify which is the . The sensory system is a group of subsystems used for detecting and understanding the world around you.
We just discussed the auditory and the visual system in brief, but there is also smell, taste. The sensory system is responsible for detecting stimuli from the outside world and transferring nervous impulses to the correct portion of the brain or spinal column to allow the body to react.
The sensory system consists of the eyes, ears, nose, tongue, skin and their associated nerves. The nervous system must receive and process information about the world outside in order to react, communicate, and keep the body healthy and safe.
Much of this information comes through the sensory organs: the eyes, ears, nose, tongue, and skin.