Yet Shakespeare has carefully prepared us as an audience to see the flaws beneath the surface in Hotspur and the "diamond" in Prince Hal. Hotspur is a chivalric warrior, noble, brave, honorable, chivalrous, and masculine. But he is also hot-tempered, proud, and intolerant, as well as easily manipulated by his relatives Prince Hal and Hotspur, two young men from rival families, will face off in battle—and Prince Hal, improbably perhaps to some observers, will win.
His personal disquiet at the usurpation of his predecessor Richard II would be solved by a crusade to the Holy Landbut broils on his borders with Scotland and Wales prevent that. Hal the future Henry V has forsaken the Royal Court to waste his time in taverns with low companions.
This makes him an object of scorn to the nobles and calls into question his royal worthiness. Fat, old, drunk, and corrupt as he is, he has a charisma and a zest for life that captivates the Prince. The play features three groups of characters that interact slightly at first, and then come together in the Battle of Shrewsburywhere the success of the rebellion will be decided.
First there is King Henry himself and his immediate council. He is the engine of the play, but usually in the background. Next there is the group of rebels, energetically embodied in Henry Percy "Hotspur" and including his father, the Earl of Northumberland and led by his uncle Thomas Percy, Earl of Worcester.
Streetwise and pound-foolish, these rogues manage to paint over this grim history in the colours of comedy. As the play opens, the king is angry with Hotspur for refusing him most of the prisoners taken in a recent action against the Scots at Holmedon.
He likes Falstaff but makes no pretense at being like him. Rather early in the play, in fact, Hal informs us that his riotous time will soon come to a close, and he will re-assume his rightful high place in affairs by showing himself worthy to his father and others through some unspecified noble exploits.
Hal believes that this sudden change of manner will amount to a greater reward and acknowledgment of prince-ship, and in turn earn him respect from the members of the court. The revolt of Mortimer and the Percys very quickly gives him his chance to do just that.
The high and the low come together when the Prince makes up with his father and is given a high command. He vows to fight and kill the rebel Hotspur, and orders Falstaff who is, after all, a knight to take charge of a group of foot soldiers and proceed to the battle site at Shrewsbury.
Falstaff enacts the part of the king. The battle is crucial because if the rebels even achieve a standoff their cause gains greatly, as they have other powers awaiting under Northumberland, Glendower, Mortimer, and the Archbishop of York. Henry needs a decisive victory here.
He outnumbers the rebels,  but Hotspur, with the wild hope of despair, leads his troops into battle. The day wears on, the issue still in doubt, the king harried by the wild Scot Douglas, when Prince Hal and Hotspur, the two Harrys that cannot share one land, meet. Finally they will fight — for glory, for their lives, and for the kingdom.
No longer a tavern brawler but a warrior, the future king prevails, ultimately killing Hotspur in single combat. Soon after being given grace by Hal, Falstaff states that he wants to amend his life and begin "to live cleanly as a nobleman should do".
The play ends at Shrewsbury, after the battle. Henry is pleased with the outcome, not least because it gives him a chance to execute Thomas Percy, the Earl of Worcester, one of his chief enemies though previously one of his greatest friends.
Meanwhile, Hal shows off his kingly mercy in praise of valour; having taken the valiant Douglas prisoner, Hal orders his enemy released without ransom. This unsettled ending sets the stage for Henry IV, Part 2. Date and text[ edit ] 1 Henry IV was almost certainly in performance bygiven the wealth of allusions and references to the Falstaff character.
The play was entered into the Register of the Stationers Company on 25 Feb. The Dering Manuscript[ edit ] Main article: The consensus of Shakespeare scholars is that the Dering MS.
A few dissenters have argued that the Dering MS. It was only in the twentieth century that readers and performers began to see the central interest as the coming-of-age story of Hal, who is now seen as the starring role.
Oldcastle controversy[ edit ] The title page from the first quarto edition of the play, printed in Henry IV, Part 1 caused controversy on its first performances inbecause the comic character now known as " Falstaff " was originally named "Oldcastle" and was based on John Oldcastlea famous proto-Protestant martyr with powerful living descendants in England.
Although the character is called Falstaff in all surviving texts of the play, there is abundant external and internal evidence that he was originally called Oldcastle.
Finally, there is the blatant disclaimer at the close of Henry IV, Part 2 that discriminates between the two figures: In Act III sc. The plan highlights his destructive and argumentative nature.
These were the Lords Cobham:Henry IV, Part 1 is a history play by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written no later than It is the second play in Shakespeare's tetralogy dealing with the successive reigns of Richard II, Henry IV (two plays, including Henry IV, Part 2), and Henry V.
Hotspur is a member of the powerful Percy family of the North, which helped bring King Henry IV to power but now feels that the king has forgotten his debt to them. In Shakespeare’s account, Hotspur is the same age as Prince Harry and becomes his archrival. Henry IV, Part 2 is a history play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written between and It is the third part of a tetralogy, preceded by Richard II and Henry IV, .
Prince Hal in Shakespeare's Henriad The question that Shakespeare raises throughout the series of Henry IV, Part I, Henry IV, Part II, and Henry V is that of whether Prince Hal (eventually King Henry V), is a true manifestation of an ideal ruler, and whether he is a rightful heir to his father’s ill-begotten throne.
Prince Hal is the standard term used in literary criticism to refer to Shakespeare's portrayal of the young Henry V of England as a prince before his accession to the throne, taken from the diminutive form of his name used in the plays almost exclusively by kaja-net.com is called "Prince Hal" in critical commentary on his character in Henry IV, Part 1 and Henry IV.
A Comparison of Corrupt Kings in Shakespeare's Henry IV and Richard II. The Character of King Richard II in William Shakespeare's Play In Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part I, young Prince Hal (or Harry) is regarded as a clown and a playboy by his father King Henry IV, who despairs that he will ever take his duties seriously, but in this the.